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Chapter 15 ~ “Philosophical Inputs and Outputs of Technology” by Mario Bunge August 31, 2009

Posted by Shon in 5369, Carter, Philosophy of Technology, TCR.
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Because “technology is… a major organ of contemporary culture,” Bunge asserts that technology needs its own philosophy that is connected to, yet separate from the philosophy of science. In discussing the tasks of philosophy and technology, which includes exploring similarities and differences between technological knowledge and scientific knowledge; the influence of pragmatism on the theoretical richness of technology; and the value systems and ethical norms of technology, Bunge concludes that through the ideas of technology is where we must search for philosophy.

Bunge begins by breaking contemporary technology into four branches: material, social, conceptual, and general, and by stating a significant difference between science and technology; technology knows in order to elicit changes; whereas, science elicits changes in order to know. And it is in this knowing to elicit change, it is in this “knowing” that infuses itself into other realms of human existence – art, science, mathematics, and humanities for example – that makes technology worthy of having its own philosophy.

As such, it also makes it imperative that we examine ethical issues within technology and look to develop ethical codes, both individually and for society.